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Principles of Judo
Ju
\\\"the principle of gentleness
Do
\\\"way
Judo
the gentle way
Seiryoku Zenyo
maximum efficiency (through minimum effort)
Jita Kyoei
mutual benefit and welfare
Sensei
teacher or instructor
Dojo
place or club where Judo is practiced
Gi (Judogi)
Judo uniform
Seiza
kneeling position
Anza
sitting position with legs crossed
Ritsurei
standing bow
Zarei
kneeling bow
Kiotsuke!
(come to) attention!
Rei!
bow!
Sensei Ni Rei!
bow! (to Sensei)
Uke
person receiving a judo technique
Tori
person performing a judo technique
Ukemi
\\\"falling practice (side
Uchi Komi
repetition practice without throwing
Randori
free practice
Kiai
shout during execution of technique
\\\"Gripping
Posture and Throwing Principles\\\"
Kumi Kata
methods of gripping an opponent fundamental natural posture
Shizen Hontai
fundamental defensive posture
Tai Sabaki
sliding foot walking (kata technique) pivoting or turning the body
Kuzushi
off balance (first element of a throw)
Tsukuri
entry into a throw
Kake
execution of a throw
Vocabulary Related to Names of Judo Techniques
Ashi
foot or leg (as in Okuri-Ashi-Harai)
Barai
sweeping action with the leg or foot (as in Deashi-Barai)
Dori
grab (as in Kata-Ashi-Dori)
Dojime
body scissors/squeeze (illegal in competition)
Eri
lapel of the Judo gi (as in Okuri-Eri-Jime)
Gaeshi (Kaeshi)
counter or reversal (as in Sumi-Gaeshi)
Gake
hook (as in Ko-Soto-Gake)
Garami
entangle or twist (as in Ude-Garami)
Gari
reap or sweep (as in Osoto-Gari)
Gatame
pin or (joint) lock (as in Kata-Gatame or Ude-Gatame)
Goshi (Koshi)
hip (as in 0-Goshi)
Guruma
wheel (as in Kata-Guruma)
Gyaku
reverse (as in Gyaku-Juji-Jime)
Ha
wing (as in Kata-Ha-Jime)
Hane
springing action (as in Hane-Goshi)
Hara
stomach (as in Hara-Gatame)
Harai (Barai)
sweeping action with the leg or foot (as in Harai-Goshi)
Hadaka
naked (as in Hadaka-Jime)
Hidari
left (as in Hidari-Eri-Dori in Goshin-Jitsu-No-Kata)
Hiji
\\\"elbow (as in Hiji-Makikomi
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