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01.01 Caregiver
a role that has traditionally included those activities that assist the client physically and psychologically while preserving the client's dignity
01.02 Case manager
a nurse who works with the multidisciplinary health care team to measure the effectiveness of the case management plan and monitor outcomes
01.03 Change agent
a person (or group) who initiates changes or who assists others in making modifications in themselves or in the system
01.04 Clara Barton
a schoolteacher who volunteered as a nurse during the Civil War. Most notably
01.05 Client
a person who engages the advice or services of another person who is qualified to provide this service
01.06 Client advocate
an individual who pleads the cause of clients' rights
01.07 Communicator
nurses identify client problems and then communicate these verbally or in writing to other members of the health team
01.08 Consumer
an individual
01.09 Counseling
the process of helping a client to recognize and cope with stressful psychologic or social problems
01.10 Demography
the study of population
01.11 Florence Nightingale
considered the founder of modern nursing
01.12 Governance
the establishment and maintenance of social
01.13 Harriet Tubman
known as "The Moses of Her People" for her work with the Underground Railroad. During the Civil War she nursed the sick and suffering of her own race
01.14 Knights of Saint Lazarus
an order of knights that dedicated themselves to the care of people with leprosy
01.15 Lavinia L. Dock
a nursing leader and suffragist who was active in the protest movement for women's rights that resulted in the U.S. Constitution amendment allowing women to vote in 1920
01.16 Leader
a person who influences others to work together to accomplish a specific goal
01.17 Lillian Wald
founded the Henry Street Settlement and Visiting Nurse Service which provided nursing and social services and organized educational and cultural activities. She is considered the founder of public health nursing
01.18 Manager
one who is appointed to a position in an organization which gives the power to guide and direct the work of others
01.19 Margaret Sanger
considered the founder of Planned Parenthood
01.20 Mary Breckinridge
a nurse who practiced midwivery in England
01.21 Patient
a person who is waiting for or undergoing medical treatment and care
01.22 Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA)
legislation requiring that every competent adult be informed in writing upon admission to a health care institution about his or her rights to accept or refuse medical care and to use advance directives
01.23 Profession
an occupation that requires extensive education or a calling that requires special knowledge
01.24 Professionalism
a set of attributes
01.25 Professionalization
the process of becoming professional; acquiring characteristics considered to be professional
01.26 Sairy Gamp
a character in Dickens book
01.27 Socialization
a process by which a person learns the ways of a group or society in order to become a functioning participant
01.28 Sojourner Truth
an abolitionist
01.29 Standards of clinical nursing practice
descriptions of the responsibilities for which nurses are accountable
01.30 Teacher
a nurse who helps clients learn about their health and the health care procedures they need to perform to restore or maintain their health
01.31 Telecommunications
The transmission of information from one site to another
02.01 Confidentiality
any information a subject relates will not be made public or available to others without the subject's consent
02.02 Continuing education (CE)
formalized experiences designed to enlarge the knowledge or skills of practitioners
02.03 Dependent variable
the behavior
02.04 Descriptive statistics
procedures that summarize large volumes of data; used to describe and synthesize data
02.05 Empirical data
information collected from the observable world
02.06 Ethnography
research that provides a framework to focus on the culture of a group of people
02.07 Feasibility
the availability of time as well as the material and human resources needed to investigate a research problem or question
02.08 Full disclosure
a basic right
02.09 Grounded theory
research to understand social structures and social processes; this method focuses on generation of categories or hypotheses that explain patterns of behavior of people in the study
02.10 Independent variable
the presumed cause or influence on the dependent variable
02.11 In-service education
education that is designed to upgrade the knowledge or skills of employees
02.12 Mean
a measure of central tendency
02.13 Measures of central tendency
measures that describe the center of a distribution of data
02.14 Measures of variability
measures that indicate the degree of dispersion or spread of the data; include range
02.15 Median
a measure of central tendency
02.16 Mode
the score or value that occurs most frequently in a distribution of scores
02.17 Operational definitions
definitions that specify the instruments or procedures by which concepts will be measured
02.18 Phenomenology
research that investigates people's life experiences and who they interpret those experiences
02.19 Population
includes all possible members of the group who meet the criteria for the study
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