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fasciiitis
inflammation of a fascia
tenodynia
pain in a tendon
tendonitis
an inflammation of the tendons caused by excessive or unusual use of the joint
adhesion
a band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally
atrophy
weakness or wearing away of body tissues and structures
myalgia
muscle tenderness or pain
myolysis
the degeneration of muscle tissue
myomalacia
abnormal softening of muscle tissue
myorrhexis
the rupture of a muscle
myosclerosis
abnormal hardening of muscle tissue
myositis
the inflammation of a skeletal muscle
polymyositis
the inflammation of several skeletal muscles at the same time
sarcopenia
the age-related reduction in skeletal muscle mass in the elderly
hernia
the protrusion of a part or structure through the tissues normally containing it
myocele
the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath or fascia
atonic
lacking normal tone or strength
dystonia
a condition of abnormal muscle tone
hypertonia
a condition of excessive tone of the skeletal muscles
hypotonia
a condition in which there is diminished tone of the skeletal muscles
myotonia
the delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction
ataxia
the inability to coordinate muscle activity during voluntary movement
dystaxia
also known as partial ataxia difficulty in controlling voluntary movement
contracture
the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
intermittent claudication
pain in the leg muscles that occurs in the legs during exercise and is relieved by rest (caused by poor circulation of the legs)
spasm
a sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
cramp
a localized muscle spasm named for its cause such as a heat cramp or writers cramp
spasmodic  torticollis
a.k.a. - wry neck a stiff neck due to spasmodic contraction of the neck muscles that pull the head toward the affected side
bradykinesia
extreme slowness in movement
dyskinesia
the distortion or impairment of voluntary movement as in a tic or spasm
hyperkinesia
abnormally increased motor function or activity
hypokinesia
abnormally decreased motor function or activity
myoclonus
a spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles
nocturnal myoclonus
jerking of the limbs that can occur normally as a person is falling asleep
singultus
a.k.a. -myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes that causes the characteristic hiccup sound with each spasm
myasthenia gravis
a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the neuromuscular junction and produces serious weakness of voluntary muscles (asthenia= weakness or lack of strength)
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