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Steroid secreted by the adrenal cortex; stimulates the kidney to reabsorb sodium and water and to extrete potassium
Aldosterone
Blood pressure-elevating hormone produced by the action of renin on angionteninogen
Angiontensin
Posterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the colecting duct in the kidney to reabsorb water and decrease urinary output.
Antidiuretic Hormone
The nephron structure that receives urine from the distal tubule and delivers it to the renal pelvis
Collecting Duct
A waste product that is excreted by the kidney
Creatinine
Smooth muscle located in the urinary bladder
Detrusor Muscle
A passive transport process that alows small particles to diffuse through a semipermiable membrane
Dialysis
Increased excretion of urination
Diuresis
Tuft of capillaries located within the Bowman's Capsule of the nephron unit of the kidney
Glomerulus
Organ of the urinary system that produces urine
Kidneys
A hairpin looped tubular structure of the nephron unit that receives urine from the proximal tubule and delivers it to the idstal tubule.
Loop Of Henle
Urination
Micturition
Structural and functional unit of the kidney that makes urine
Nephron
Tubular part of the nephrion unit that helps make and transport urine; consists of bowman's capsul, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule, and collecting ducts
Renal Tubule
Enzyme secreted by the kidneys that causes the activation of angiontensinogen
Renin
Weight of urine compared with the weight of an equal volume of water
Specific Gravity
Tubes that conduct urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
Uterer
Tube that conducts urine from the bladder to the exterior of the body
Urethra
Temporary reservoir; receives the urine from the ureters and stores the urine until it can be eliminated
Urinary Bladder
Indentation of kidney; point where the blood vessels, ureter, nerves, and lymphatics enter and exit the kidney.
Hilus
Outer portion of the kidney between the renal capsule and the renal medulla
Renal Cortex
Innermost part of the kidney
Renal Medulla
Cone shaped tissue of the kidney
Renal Pyramid
Medullary extension of the renal cortex
Renal Columns
Funnel like dilated proximal part of the ureter
Renal Pelvis
Cuplike structures that collect urine form the collecting ducts of the nephron units
Calyces
C-Shaped tubular structure that partially surrounds the glomerulus.
Bowman's Capsule
Portion of the duct system of the nephron of the kidney which leads from Bowman's Capsule to the loop of Henle.
Proximal Convoluted Tubule
Portion of kidney nephron etween the loop of henle and the collecting duct system.
Distal Convoluted Tubule
Tiny blood vessels that travel alongside nephons allowing reabsorption and secretion between blood and the inner lumen of the nephron
Peritubular Capillaries
Flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)
Movement of water and dissolved substances from the tubules into the peritubular capillaries.
Tubular Reabsorption
Movement of substances from the peritubular capillaries into the tubules.
Tubular Secretion
Abnormally high level of nitrogen-type waste in blood (kidney failure)
Uremia
Fluid and solutes in a dialysis process that flow through the dialyzer and do not pass through the membrane; are discarded along with removed toxic substance.
Dialysate
An orifice of the urethra
Urethral Meatus
Renal Disease usually of both kidneys. Inflammation of the glomeruli, or small blood vessels in the kidney. Strep.
Glomerulonephritis
Commonly caused by infection of E. Coli
Inflammation of the lining of the urinary tract
A genetic disease characterized by the development of multiple fluid-filled sacs in the kidney. Sacs gradually cause destruction of kidney tissue and loss of kidney function.
Polycystic Kidney
A bacterial infection of the pelvis of the kidney. Is frequently caused by neglected bladder infection that ascends trhough the ureters to the kidney.
Pyelonephritis
Kidney stones/nephrolithiasis
Renal Calculi
A foley catheter is inserted into this organ for drainage
Bladder/Urethra
Bean-shaped organ that makes urine
Kidney
Pathogens can ascend from the bladder through these tubes to the kidneys, thereby causing a kidney infection
Ureters
Structure that is involved in urine retention
Bladder
Structure that contains the trigone, a triangle formed by the two points of entrance of the eureters nad the exit point of the urethra
Bladder
 The external sphincter surrounds the upper region of this structure
Urethra
The internal sphincter is located at the exit of this structure
Bladder
the prostate gland encircles the proximal end of this structure
Urethra
The wall of this structure is arranged in rugae to allow for expansion
Bladder
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