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Thymus Transplant
A form of organ transplantation where the thymus (the organ that generates immune cells) is moved from one body to another, such as the case with DiGeorge Syndrome. (mostly done in younger years)
Organ Rejection
Occurs when the body's immune system recognizes the transplanted organ cells as foreign, thus attacking them.
Immunosuppresants
Drugs prescribed to prevent or reduce the body's normal reactions to invasion of diseases of foreign tissues
Corticosteroids
Steroid hormones produced by the adrenal gland. Involved in a wide range of physiologic systems such as stress response, immune response and regulation of inflammation.
Organ Procurement
The obtaining of organs for transplantation. Includes the transporting of organs, after surgical removal, to the hospital for processing and transplant. (harvesting)
Living Donor
Donor is alive (only donates something renewable, regenerable, or not necessarily needed); usually a family member or friend
Bone Marrow Transplant
The transplantation of healthy bone marrow from a compatible donor to a diseased recipient to stimulate blood cell production
Donor Network of Arizona
Federally designated, not for profit, organ recovery.
Kidney or Renal Transplant
Surgical implantation of a donor kidney to replace a nonfunctioning kidney
Liver Transplant
An option for a patient whose liver has failed for a reason other than liver cancer
Heart Transplant
the surgical replacement of a diseased heart with a healthy one
Lung Transplant
The surgical replacement of a diseased lung with a healthy one
Pancrease Transplant
The surgical replacement of a diseased pancrease with a healthy one
Small Intestine Transplant
The surgical replacement of a diseased small intestine with a healthy one
Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN)
Maintains the only national patient waiting list and features the most comprehensive data available in any single field of medicine.
United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS)
Legal entity in the US responsible for allocating organs for transplantation
Tissue Donation
The transfer of human tissue (skin, heart valves, bone, cornea) from one human being to another.
Stem Cells
unspecialized cells that retain the ability to become a wide variety of specialized cells
Brain Death
death when respiration and other reflexes are absent
Serotyping
used to classify bacteria into subspecies based on kind of cell surface antigen present; based on Ag-Ab reactions
DCD
Donation after Cardiac Death; pt has unsurvivable injury, "plug" is pulled and pt expires on OR table. Organs must be removed within 5 minutes.
Organ Profusion
The injection of fluid into the blood vessel in order to reach an organ or tissue, usually to supply nutrients and oxygen; preserves organ and keeps vessels from clotting.
Cornea Transplant
medical operation that replaces a faulty cornea or lens
Skin Grafts
Areas of skin removed from one site and transplanted to another site.
Bone Transplant
Surgical procedure by which new bone or a replacement material is placed into spaces between or around broken bone (fractures) or holes in bone (defects) to aid in healing.
Recipient
One who receives organ
Match
Identification of an organ that will be tolerated by the body of the recipient.
ABO Incompatibility
A reaction of the immune system that occurs if two different and not compatible blood types are mixed together (normally during blood transfusion or organ transplant)
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