Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019

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What is the latin word for life?
vitae
Vital signs are the best indicators of what?
homeostasis
List the four vital signs
Temperature
Respiratory Rate
Pulse
Blood pressue
What is the 5th vital sign?
Pain
How are vital signs charted?
As a whole
T/F

Vital signs must be taken at the same time.
True
Give seven occaisions when vital signs should be assessed.
1.  Admission
2. Physician's orders
3. Established protocols
4. Change in patient condition or patient complaint
5. Loss of consciousness
6. Before &/or after medications that affect cordiovascular or respiratory function
7. Before &/or after interventions such as surgery, invasive procedure or ambulation
Temperature is the measurement of body heat generated by what?
metabolic processes
List five things that generate heat in the body.
1. BMR (Basal metabolic rate)
2. hormones (thyroid hormone)
3. Skeletal muscle activity (excercise, shivering)
4. SNS Stimulation (Epinephrine, NE)
5. Fever
T/F

There should be a balance between heat produced and lost by the body.
True
What is transfer of heat from the body without contact?
Radiation
What percentage of heat loss in the body is from radiation?
50%
What is the transerfer of heat from the body iwth contact (ex ice pack)?
conduction
What is the transfer of heat from the body by air currents (ex. fan, wind chill)?
Convection
What is the transfer of heat from the body by liquid becoming a vapor (sweat, breathing, oral mucosa)?
Evaporation
What is the primary site of radiation in the body?
Exposed skin
What do you call the body's ability to maintain thermal homeostasis?
Thermoregulation
Thermoregulation is controlled by what in the body?
ANS - Autonomic Nervous System
List the three main components of thermoregulation.
- Thermoreceptors
- Hypothalamus
- Effectors
Which component of thermoregulation are nerves sensitive to change in body tempertures?
Thermoreceptors
Which component of thermoregulation acts like a thermostat & maintains set point which normally remains relatively stable within a narrow range?
Hypothalamus
Which component of thermoregulation responds to the body's need to increase or decrease body temperature?
Effectors
Name the five effectors or thermoregulation.
- blood vessels
- sweat glands
- respirations
- skeletal muscle
- realease of hormones
Which effector of thermoregulation dialates or contricts?
Blood vessels
Which effector of thermoregulation activates or inhibits?
Sweat glands
Which effector of thermoregulation causes shivering?
Skeletal muscle
Which effector of thermoregulation includes E, NE to stimulate body temp?
Release of hormones
What is the range of cor body temperature?
97-99.5 F
T/F

Infants have a well developed thermoregulatory system.
False
List six factors affecting normal variations of body temperature.
- Circadian rhythms
- Age
- Hormonal influences
- Environmental temperature
- Exercise
- Stress
Which factor affecting normal variations of body temperature changes daily and throughout the day?
Circadian Rhythms
T/F

Body temperature rises while you sleep
True
Give three causes of lower normal temperature in the elderly.
- Basal metabolic rate decreased
- decrease in sweat
- less fat
At what time of the day is body temp the lowest?
4-6 AM
T/F

Body temp can change 1-2 degrees during the day.
True
T/F

Everyone's normal body temperature is 98.6F.
False

Temperature differs among individuals.  A range of 0.5-1.0 degrees F from "normal" is within limits
T/F

Body temperature differs in various parts of the body.
True
What are the two types of core body temperature?
Tympanic
Rectal
What are the two types of surface body temperature?
Oral
Axillary
What accounts for the difference between rectal and axillary temperatures?
You have more blood vessels in the rectal area than under the arm
What is normal axillary temp?
97.6F
What is normal oral temperature?
98.6F
What is normal tympanic temperature?
99.5F
What is normal rectal temperature?
99.5F
What do you call someone with a fever?
Febrile
What is another word for fever?
Pyrexia
What do you call a decreased body temperature?

Hypothermia
What do you call an increase in body temperature that results from an increase in the set point?
pyrexia
What oral temperature constitutes a fever?
>100.4F
What oral temperature constitutes hyperpyrexia?
>105.8F
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