Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019

by gringo


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Name four ways in which water is lost from the body
urine
persperiation
respiration
feces
What should be the daily intake of water?
2000-3000 ml/day
What do macronutients provide to the body?
energy
Name two carbohydrates
sugars
starches
Name three lipids/fats
fatty acids
cholesterol
lipoproteins
What are the two classifications of proteins?
complete
incomplete
What is the major energy source in diets of all people?
Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates provide how many calories per gram?
4 cal/g
What is the only animal source for carbohydrates?
milk (lactose)
What are three plant sources for carbohydrates?
grains
beans
vetables & fruits
What component of carbohydrates is not digestible by the human body therefore promotes regular bowel movements?
dietary fiber
What is the chemical symbol for carbohydrates?
CHO
Inadequate carbohydrate intake causes fates to be matabolized for energy producing what?
ketones
How many grams of carbs do we need per day to prevent ketosis?
50-100 grams
What do you call the action of carbs that prevents the breakdown of protein for energy and allow the protein to be used to build and maintain body tissues?
protein sparing action
Carbs in the diet are converted to what?
glucose
What is the major energy source for the body?
glucose
Where is glucose stored in the body?  What is stored glucose called?
- liver & muscle
- glycogen
What happens to excessive glucose in the body and what is this process called?
- stored as fat
- lipogenesis
What happens when there is a deficiency of glucose in the body?
breaks down fat and amino acids
What helps us utilize glucose in the body?
insulin
What do you call the breakdown of glucose?
glycogenelysis
What helps us break down glucose?
glucogon
What is normal adult (fasting) whole blood glucose (WBG)?
60-100
Name three factors that increase blood glucose.
- dietary intake
- glycoden breakdown (stored glucose)
- glycongenesis
What two fators decrease blood glucose?
- insulin
- exercise
What is the descriptive name for fats of all kinds?
lipids
T/F

Lipids are greasy to the touch and soluble in water (or blood).
False

Lipids are greasy to the touch and insoluble in water (or blood).
What lipids are solid at room temperature?
fat
What lipids are liquid at room temperature?
oil
What are two sources of fat?
animals
plants
How many calories per gram do lipids provide?
9 cal/g
What is the percentage of fat intake in the american diet?
35-40%
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