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What is the anatomy of the urinary system?
  • kidneys
  • ureters
  • bladder
  • urethra
What is the function of the urinary system?
  • remove waste
  • maintain homeostasis
  • hormone production
How does the urinary system maintain homeostasis?
  • acid/base balance
  • electrolytes
  • fluid balance
What hormones are produced by the urinary system?
erythropoietin
What does erythropoietin do?
stimulate production of erythrocytes
Is feline cystitis self limiting? and if so how long does it last?
yes; 7-10 days
What are the signs of feline cystitis?
  • frequent urination
  • hematuria
  • dysuria
  • inappropriate urination
What information do we give the client about feline cystitis?
  • disease is self limiting
  • may be recurring problem
  • there is no definitive cure
  • reduce stress
How do we diagnose canine cystitis?
  • urinalysis
  • urine culture/sensitivity
What do you see on a urinalysis of a patient with canince cystitis?
  • increase in white blood cells
  • bacteria
What are the methods for collecting urine?
  • cystocentesis
  • catheterization
  • manual expression
  • free catch
What are the sterile methods of collection?
  • cystocentesis
  • catheterization
What is a urolith?
bladder stone
How do uroliths form?
from minerals in the diet
What are the signs of feline uroliths?
  • hematuria
  • dysuria/frequent urination
  • urination in strange places
  • straining to urinat
  • vomiting
  • collapse, death
  • vocalizing during urination
Which uroliths can be dissolved nutrutionally?
struvite
Which uroliths must be removed surgically?
calcium oxalate, ammonium acid urate
What is the best way to hold a cat penis to externalize it?
gently apply pressure to a side or portion so as to not accidently amputate any portion of the penis
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