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Le Forte 1
Most common type of midfacial fracture
Cranofacial Reconstruction
An intricate solution to craniofracial deformities (Posterior, anterior and total cranial expansion)
Plate & Screw Fixation of Mandibular Fracture
Most common technique to repair mandibular fractures using various sizes of titanium plates and screws
(pt is supine with head on doughnut or pillows)
Orbital Floor Fracture Repair
Surgery to repair the thin bones of the orbit. Risks include herniation of eye.  (pt in supine position)
Application of Arch Bars
Used to immobilize the jaw following mandibular and or maxillary fracture  (pt in supine position)
Instrument to cut the skull (cranium). Used for craniotomies
Mouth Prop
A rubber wedge placed between the upper and lower teeth of the unaffected side to maintain the patient's mouth in an open position is called : mouth prop
Throat Pack
included in formal count. Contains a moistened radiopaque sponge placed in nasopharynx to reduce risk of aspiration
A hand held cheek and tongue retractor used to insert throat packs or in the application of arch bars.
Autogenous Bone Graft
a bone graft obtained from another area of the same patient and used to induce new bone formation in the defect
Pierre Robin Syndrome
unusually small jaw, combined with a cleft palate, downward displacement of the tongue, and an absent gag reflex. a congenital deformity
Soft Palate
a muscular flap that closes off the nasopharynx during swallowing or speaking. Posterior portion of palate
Facial Nerve
cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles (the 7th Facial nerve)
Orbicularis Oris Muscle
muscle surrounds the mouth and allows you to move your lips; the smile muscle
Dental Caries
tooth decay caused by acid-forming microorganisms
misalignment of jaw bones; overbite or underbite.
an asymmetry with respect to each side of jaw.
Cerebrospinal Rhinorrhea
cerebrospinal fluid drainage from the nose
premature closure of cranial sutures
Coronal Insicion
Surgical incision made that follows the patient's natural hair line
Impacted Teeth
A tooth embedded in alveolar bone in such a manner that its eruption is prevented. An impaction may be partial or total.
the anterior upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
Pagets Disease
a bone disease that causes overgrowth of bone in cranium, mandible and maxilla. Characteristic Macrognothia (large jaw)
Orthognathic Surgery
Surgery in which the jaws are moved into proper alignment by direct manipulation
the specialized mucous membrane that surrounds the teeth, covers the bone of the dental arches, and lines the cheeks; also known as the gums
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