Studydroid is shutting down on January 1st, 2019

by gringo


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What med reduces the viscosity of secretions by increasing respiratory tract fluid?
Expectorants
What is the prototype drug for expectorants?
guaifenesin (Robitussin)
What are sx are associated with expectorant guaifenesin (Robitussin)?
may cause dizziness, NV with large doses
What are four pt teachings for expectorant guaifenesin (robitussin)?
- increase fluid intake
- extended release tablets
- deep breathe and cough, repositioning
- humidify the air
What meds break down mucous molecules?
mucolytics
What is the prototype drug for mucolytics?
Mucomyst (acetylcysteine)
What is the route for Mucamyst?
inhaled
Mucolytics such as Mucamyst are indicated for what two disorders?
- cystic fibrosis
- chronic bronchitis
Bronchiolar smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract is controlled by what system?
ANS
What does the SNS do to smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract?
relaxes (sympathomimetic/adrenergic)
What does the PSNS do to smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract?
constricts (anti-cholinergic)
What do you call rapid bronchiolar smooth muscle contractions?
Bronchospasms
Which bronchodialators are the most potent and most effective:  Beta2 agonists or Anti-cholingergic?
Beta2 agonists
Name one beta2 agonist
albuterol
What machine vaporizes medication into a fine mist?
nebulizer
What three meds are used to treat inflammation in asthma?
corticosteroids
leukotriene modifiers
mast cell stabilizers
What three meds are used to treat bronchospasms in asthma?
beta2 agonists
anticlolinergics
methylxanthines
What anticolinerigic is a powder in capsule form that must be inhaled?
Spiriva
Which inhaler should be inhaled quickly - DPI or MDI?
DPI
Which inhaler should be inhaled slowly - DPI or MDI?
MDI
List three teachings for DPI.
- never place DPI in water
- never shake or breathe into DPI
- Never use spacer device with DPI
What med is indicated for short term control (rescue) of airway obstruction caused by bronchoconstriction? (Drug of choice)
Proventil (Albuterol)
What are the therapeutic and pharmacological classifications of for Proventil (albuterol)?
Therapeutic - bronchodialator
Pharmacological - beta2 agonist
What is the MOA of Proventil (albuterol)?
binds to B2 receptors causing bronchodilation
What is the inhaled onset of Proventil (albuterol)?  What is the duration?
Onset - quick (5-15 min)
Duration - 3-6 hrs
Caution should be used administering Albuterol with what four conditions?
HTN
Cardiac disease
DM
hyperthyroidism
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