by gringo

Bookmark and Share

Front Back
What med reduces the viscosity of secretions by increasing respiratory tract fluid?
What is the prototype drug for expectorants?
guaifenesin (Robitussin)
What are sx are associated with expectorant guaifenesin (Robitussin)?
may cause dizziness, NV with large doses
What are four pt teachings for expectorant guaifenesin (robitussin)?
- increase fluid intake
- extended release tablets
- deep breathe and cough, repositioning
- humidify the air
What meds break down mucous molecules?
What is the prototype drug for mucolytics?
Mucomyst (acetylcysteine)
What is the route for Mucamyst?
Mucolytics such as Mucamyst are indicated for what two disorders?
- cystic fibrosis
- chronic bronchitis
Bronchiolar smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract is controlled by what system?
What does the SNS do to smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract?
relaxes (sympathomimetic/adrenergic)
What does the PSNS do to smooth muscle in the lower respiratory tract?
constricts (anti-cholinergic)
What do you call rapid bronchiolar smooth muscle contractions?
Which bronchodialators are the most potent and most effective:  Beta2 agonists or Anti-cholingergic?
Beta2 agonists
Name one beta2 agonist
What machine vaporizes medication into a fine mist?
What three meds are used to treat inflammation in asthma?
leukotriene modifiers
mast cell stabilizers
What three meds are used to treat bronchospasms in asthma?
beta2 agonists
What anticolinerigic is a powder in capsule form that must be inhaled?
Which inhaler should be inhaled quickly - DPI or MDI?
Which inhaler should be inhaled slowly - DPI or MDI?
List three teachings for DPI.
- never place DPI in water
- never shake or breathe into DPI
- Never use spacer device with DPI
What med is indicated for short term control (rescue) of airway obstruction caused by bronchoconstriction? (Drug of choice)
Proventil (Albuterol)
What are the therapeutic and pharmacological classifications of for Proventil (albuterol)?
Therapeutic - bronchodialator
Pharmacological - beta2 agonist
What is the MOA of Proventil (albuterol)?
binds to B2 receptors causing bronchodilation
What is the inhaled onset of Proventil (albuterol)?  What is the duration?
Onset - quick (5-15 min)
Duration - 3-6 hrs
Caution should be used administering Albuterol with what four conditions?
Cardiac disease
x of y cards