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Aspiration/Foreign Body
Inspiration of a foreign material into the airway
Atelectasis
ollapse of all or part of the lung
Bronchiectasis
Chronic dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles associated with secondary infection
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic condition of persistent obstruction of bronchial airflow
Cystic Fibrosis
Disorder associated with widespread dysfunction of the exocrine glands, abnormal secretion of sweat and saliva, and accumulation of thick mucus in the lungs
Emphysema
Destructive and obstructive airway changes leading to an increased volume of air in the lungs
Epiglottitis
Inflammation of the epiglottis
Fungal Disease (chest)
Inflammation of the lung caused by a fungal organism
Histoplasmosis (fungal)
Infection caused by the yeastlike organism Histoplasma capsulatum
Granulomatous Disease
Condition of the lung marked by formation of granulomas
Sarcoidosis
Condition of unknown origin often associated with pulmonary fibrosis
Tuberculosis
Chronic infection of the lung due to the tubercle bacillus
Hyaline Membrane Disease or Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Underaeration of the lungs due to a lack of surfactant
Metastases
Transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
Pleural Effusion
Collection of fluid in the pleural cavity
Pneumoconiosis
Lung diseases resulting from the inhalation of industrial substances
Anthracosis or Coal Miner\'s Lung or Black lung
Inflammation caused by inhalation of coal dust (anthracite)
Asbestosis
Inflammation caused by inhalation of asbestos
Silicosis
Inflammation caused by inhalation of silicon dioxide
Pneumonia
Acute infection ni the lung parenchyma
Aspiration (pneumo)
Pneumonia caused by aspiration of foreign particles
Interstitial or Viral or Pneumonitis
Pneumonia caused by a virus and involving the alveolar walls and interstitial structures
Lobar or Bacterial
Pneumonia involving the alveoli of an entire lobe without involving the bronchi
Lobular or Bronchopneumonia
Pneumonia involving the bronchi and scattered throughout the lung
Pneumothorax
Accumulation of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung
Pulmonary Edema
Replacement of air with fluid in the lung interstitium and alveoli
Tumor
New tissue growth where cell proliferation is uncontrolled
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Localized dilation of the abdominal aorta
Biliary Stenosis
Narrowing of the bile ducts
Bowel Obstruction
Blockage of the bowel lumen
Cholecystitis
Acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder
Choledocholithiasis
Calculus in the common bile duct
Choledlithiasis
Presence of gallstones
Ileus
Failure of bowel peristalsis
Pancreatitis
Acute or chronic inflammation of the pancreas
Pancreatic Pseudocyst
Collection of debris, fluid, pancreatic enzymes, and blood as a complication of acute pancreatitis
Penumoperitoneum
Presence of air in the peritoneal cavity
Achalasia
Failure of the smooth muscle of the alimentary canal to relax
Appendicitis
Inflammation of the appendix
Barrett\'s Esophagus
Peptic ulcer of the lower esophagus, of ten with stricture
Bezoar
Mass in the stomach formed by materal that does not pass into the intestine
Carcinoma
Malignant new growth composed of epithelial cells
Colitis
Inflammation of the colon
Diverticulitis
Inflammation of diverticula in the alimentary canal
Diverticulosis
Diverticula in the colon without inflammation or symptoms
Diverticulum
Pouch created by the herniation of the mucous membrane through the muscular coat
Esophageal Varices
Enlarged tortuous veins of the lower esophagus, resulting from portal hypertension
Gastritis
Inflammation of the lining of the stomach
Gastroesophageal Reflux
Backward flow of the stomach contents into the esophagus
Hiatal Hernia
Protrusion of the stomach trhough the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm
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