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Why teach?
  • To maintain and promote health
  • to prevent illness
  • to restore health
to facilitate coping
Teaching outcomes
  • High level of wellness and related self-care procedures
  • disease prevention or early detection
  • quick recovery from trauma or illness
  • enhanced ability to adjust to developmental life changes
What is pt education needed for?
  • in preperation for receiving care
  • to prepare for discharge from health care facility
  • to promote wellness by teaching health habits and lifestyle changes or modifications
WHat is the TEACH acronym?
  • Tune into the pt
  • Edit pt information
  • Act on every teaching moment
  • Clarify
  • Honor the pt as partners in the education process
What are the three learning domains?
  • Cognitive: storing and recalling of new knowledge in the brain
  • Psychomotor: leaning a physical skill
  • Affective: changing attitudes, values, and feelings
What factors affect pt learning?
  • Age and developmental level
  • Family support networks and financial resources
  • Language deficits
  • Lieracy level
What are the critical developmental areas?
  • physical maturation and abilities
  • psychosocial development
  • cognitive capacity
  • emotional maturity
  • moral and spiritual development
Teaching plans for older adults
  • allow extra time
  • plan short teaching sessions
  • accomodate for sensory deficits
  • reduce enviromental distractions
What is the COPE model?
  • Creativity
  • Optimish
  • Planning
  • Expert information
What parameters are used to asses learning?
  • readiness to learn
  • ability to learn
  • learning strengths
What can be done to promote pt compliance?
  • Be certain that instructions are understandable and support pt goals
  • include the pt and family as partners in the process
  • utilize interactive teaching strategies
  • develop interpersonal relationships with pts and their families
How can you provide culturally competent pt education?
  • develop and understanding of the pt's culture
  • work with a multicultural team
  • be aware of personal assumptins, biases, and prejudices
  • understand the core cultural values of the pt or group
  • develop written material in the native language of the pt
  • use testimonials of persons with the same cultural background as the pt
Key points to effective communication
  • Be sincere and honest
  • acoud too much detail and stick to the basics
  • ask for questions
  • be a cheerleader for the pt
  • use simple vocabulary
  • vary the tone of voice
  • keep content clear
  • listen and do not interrupt
What are some sample teaching strategies for the different domains?
  • Cognitive domain: lecture, panel, discovery, written materials
  • Affective domain: role modeling, discussion, audiovisual materials
  • psychomotor domain: demonstration, discovery, printed materials
Teaching strategies
  • lecture
  • discussion
  • panel discussion
  • demonstration
  • discovery
  • role playing
  • audiovisual materials
  • printed materials
  • programmed instruction
  • web-based instruction
What are some considerations to take into account for successful pt teaching?
  • forming contractual agreements
  • considering time restraints
  • scheduling
  • group vs. individual teaching
  • formal vs informal teaching
  • manipulating the physical enviroment
Obtaining feedback about learning
  • reinforcing and celebrating learning
  • evaluating teaching
  • revising the plan
Documenting the teaching-learning process
  • summary of the larning need
  • the plan
  • the implementation of the plan
  • evaluation results
  • It's not done unless it's documented
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