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Any process by which a neutral atom gains or loses an electron, thus acquiring a net charge.
Process of using a magnetic field and radiofrequencies to create sectional images of the body.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Radiography of the breast.
Energy transmitted by waves through space or through a medium.
Branch of radiology that involves the introduction of radioactive substances into the body for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.
Nuclear Medicine Technology
Making of records (radiographs) of internal structures of the body by passing x-rays or gamma rays through the body to act on specially sensitized film or imaging plate or system.
General term applied to an individual who performs radiography, radiation therapy, or nuclear medicine technology.
Branch of the health sciences dealing with radioactive substances and radiant energy and with the diagnosis and treatment of disease by means of both ionizing (e.g., roentgen rays) and nonionizing (e.g., ultrasound) radiation.
Electromagnetic radiation of short wavelength that is produced when electrons moving at high velocity are suddenly stopped.
Methods of imaging the electrical activities of the heart and of the brain.
Electrocardiography and Electroencephalography
Energy emitted by the nucleus of an atom.
Nuclear Energy
Forms of electromagnetic energy include: __________ and __________
Light X-rays (roentgen rays)
The measurement of bone density using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA or DEXA) to detect osteoporosis.
Bone Densitometry (BD)
Radiologic procedures for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Cardiovascular Interventional Technology (CVIT)
Recording of a predetermined plane in the body using an x-ray beam that is measured, recorded, and then processed by computer for display on a monitor.
Computed Tomography (CT)
Visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections of pulses of ultrasonic waves directed into the tissue.
Diagnostic Medical Sonography
Capacity to operate or work.
Branch of radiology involved in the treatment of disease by means of x-rays or radioactive substances.
Radiation Therapy
An advanced-level radiographer who extends the capacity of the radiologist in the diagnostic imaging environment, thereby enhancing patient care.
Radiologist Assistant
Synonym for x-ray
Roentgen Ray
A form of mechanical energy.
The body’s naturally emitted heat energy can produce images for diagnostic purposes as well.  These images are called __________, and they can be useful in demonstrating conditions such as charges in the body’s circulation.
A form of electromagnetic energy that has the ability to ionize atoms.
Gamma radiation
__________ are a form of electromagnetic radiation.  They are a nonionizing form of radiation and are important in the creation of magnetic resonance images.
Radio waves
Humankind’s attempt to treat and cure diseases can be dated back almost __________ years to __________ and __________.
5000 Egypt Mesopotamia
The __________ is made up of more than 60 medical treatises.  It emphasizes rational and natural explanations for the treatment of disease and rejects sorcery and magic.
Hippocratic Corpus
A high standard of ethical conduct which provides guidelines for physician-patient relationships, for the rights of patient privacy, and for the use of treatment for curative purposes only.
Hippocratic Oath
A great plague during the fourteenth century was known as __________.
The Black Death
__________, an English physician, is considered by many scholars to have laid the foundation of modern medicine.  He was the first to demonstrate the function of the heart and the circulation of the blood.
William Harvey
In 1796, __________, an English physician, introduced a vaccine to prevent smallpox when he inoculated an 8-year-old boy, which proved that cowpox provided immunity against smallpox.  This discovery served as the foundation for the field of immunology.
Edward Jenner
__________, a German bacteriologist, established the bacterial cause for many infections, such as anthrax, tuberculosis, and cholera.
Robert Koch
In __________, __________ discovered x-rays, and the radiologic imaging sciences had their start.
1895 Wilhelm Röntgen
Completed in 2003, __________ was a 13-year project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health.
The Human Genome Project (HGP)
Röntgen became the first radiographer when he produced a series of photographs of radiographic images, most notably the image of __________.
His wife’s hand
On the date that radiologic technology began, German physicist, __________, working in his laboratory at __________, had been experimenting with ___________ rays and was exploring their properties outside __________.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen The University of Wurzburg Cathode Glass tubes
Electrons emanating from the negative terminal of a tube.
Cathode rays
W.C. Röntgen was honored, in 1901, with __________.
The first Nobel Prize in physics
The term for radiologic examination of the blood vessels after injection of contract medium.
Radiopharmaceuticals are used to perform __________ procedures.  These scans create sectional images of the body that demonstrate the physiologic function of various organs and systems.
Position emission tomography (PET)
__________ are involved in treatment planning and dose calculations.
Medical dosimetrists
Technology which allows physicians to visualize patient anatomy from various sectional planes.
Computed Tomography (CT)
__________ is a term that includes all the health-related disciplines with the exception of nursing and the MODVOPP careers.
Allied health
Involves the use of high-energy ionizing radiation to treat primarily malignant tumors.
Radiation oncology
Nuclear medicine procedures usually involve the imaging of a patient’s organs – such as the liver, heart, or brain – after the introduction of a radioactive material known as a __________.
During Röntgen’s discovery, he worked with a __________, which was a large, partially evacuated glass tube  that encompassed a cathode and an anode attached to an electrical supply (an early version of the modern fluorescent light).
Crookes tube
Röntgen termed the invisible rays he had been investigating “x-rays” because “x” is the symbol for __________.
An unknown variable
The field of radiologic technology began on __________.
November 8 , 1895
During his work, Röntgen observed that a screen that had been painted with __________ was emitting light (__________).  This effect had to be caused by __________ being emitted from the tube.
Barium platinocyanide Fluorescing Invisible rays
MODVOPP is an acronym that stands for __________, __________, __________, __________, __________, __________, and __________.
Medicine Osteopathy Dentistry Veterinary medicine Optometry Pharmacy Podiatry
A general term that applies to an individual skilled in a practical art.  This health care provider applies knowledge to practical and theoretical problems in the field.
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