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What is Fracture?
It is an interruption in the continuity of the bone.
Classification of Fracture
(I)Incomplete Fracture (II) Complete Fracture.
A hair line or stress fracture is - a) Fissured b) Greenstick c) Perforated d) Depressed
a) Fissured
Saucer or gutter like depression is - a) Fissured b) Greenstick c) Perforated d) Depressed
d) Depressed
Fissured
a split or crack in the bone. For example, hair line or stress fracture.
Greenstick
the bone is bent and broken only part way through the shaft, found in immature bone in children.
Perforated
there is a hole in the bone such as occurs in disease process. Abscesses or from a bullet.
Depressed
Saucer or gutter-like depression, seen in the skull.
Proximal Fragment also called
Uncontrollable Fragment which is stable
Distal Fragment also called
Controllable Fragment which is unstable
A small piece of bone splits away from bone is called a) Impacted Fracture b) Compression Fracture c) Comminuted Fracture d) Butterfly Fracture
d) Butterfly Fracture
Telescoped Fracture also known as a) Impacted Fracture b) Compression Fracture c) Comminuted Fracture d) Butterfly Fracture
a) Impacted Fracture
True or Falls-The skin is intact over the fracture site is SIMPLE or CLOSED FRACTURE
True
Other tissues or organs are damaged by the fracture e.g. nerves, blood vessels, lungs, muscles, tendons is-a) Avulsion Fracture b) Complicated Fracture c) Multiple Fracture d) Compound Fracture
b) Complicated Fracture
True or False-Avulsion Fracture is the bony attachment of a ligament or muscle is torn away from the bone
True
True or False-SPONTANEOUS Fractures are caused by Disease also known as PATHOLOGICAL Fracture.
True
The line of force causes the fracture to form diagonal line to the axis of the bone is called a) Tranverse Line b) Oblique Line c) Spiral Line d) Displacement Line
b) Oblique.
What are the signs and Symptoms of Fractures? a) Pain, may be deep, unremitting throbbing b) Local Tenderness at the fracture site c) Swelling d) Loss of Function e) All of the above
e) All of the above.
What are the five stages of bone healing?
a) hematoma formation b) Cellular Proliferation/Soft Callus formation c) Hard callus formation d) Ossificaton/Boney Union.e) Remodeling.
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