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What is the function of the Endocrine system
maintains homeostasis

controls body

including
metabolism, growth & development
What are the glands
Exocrine & Endocrine


What do exocrine glands secrete

Do they have local/distant effect

secrete products into ducts

have a local effect

Examples
What are examples of areas affected by the endocrine gland
sweat, oil, digestive glands
What do endocrine glands secrete

Do they have a local or distant effect
hormones into bloodstream

distant effect
Do endocrine glands have ducts, Why?
No because they go directly into the bloodstream & do not need ducts to secrete
What are the endocrine glands
pituitary, thyroid ,parathyroid adrenal & pineal glands
When it comes to lipid - soluable hormones, which receptors do they bind to 

Is it the Inside or Outside of Cell? Why?
Inside of cell

Because the outside of the cell is the cell membrane made of Water and fat can't bind to it

Fat/water don't mix

When it comes to Water soluable hormones do they bind to receptors on the inside or the outside of the cell? Why?
They bind on the outside of the cell because the lipid soluable hormones bind on the inside of the cell

Water/Fat don't mix
Where does the hormone cortisol orginate from
adrenal cortex
what is the target of cortisol
liver, muscle & cells involved in body defenses
What is the function of cortisol
increases resistance to stress

increases blood glucose levels

decreases inflammation
what diseases are related to cortisol
Cushings syndrome (excess cortisol)

addisons disease (too little cortisol)
Where does the hormone insulin orginate from
pancreas
What are diseases caused by insulin (too much/lack there of)

diabetes
What is the function of insulin
allows sugar uptake or decrease blood sugar level
where does hGh 

human growth hormone

originate from
anterior pituitary
what does hGh
human growth hormone

target
body cells
what is the function of hGh 
human growth hormone
stimulates IGF's growth

(small protein hormones)
what are diseases caused by lack thereof/too much of hGh
giantism/dwarfism
what is the origin of TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
anterior pituitary
What is the target of TSH

thyroid stimulating hormone
thyroid
What is the function of TSH 

thyroid stimulating hormone
controls thyroid gland (release of T3/T4_
What are diseases associated with TSH

Hashimoto’s Disease


body attacks/destroys thyroid

hyperthyroidism (graves disease)

hyothyroidism

goiter - enlargement of thyroid gland
 
Where does FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

originate
Ant. Pit
Where does FSH

follicle stimulating hormone

target
ovaries & testes (sertoli)
What is the function of FSH

follicle stimulating hormone
on ovaries simtulates folliclce development

on testes stimulates sperm production
what diseases are associated with FSH
FSH deficency 

results in infertility 
Where does ACTH originate from

adrencorticortosone hormone
anterior pituitary
What is the function of ACTH

adrenocortisone hormone
secretes glucocoricoids

such as cortisol
where does ACTH target

adrenocortisone hormone
adrenal cortex
What diseases are associated with ACTH

adrenocortisone hormone
addisons disease (lack of cortisol)
What is the origin of LH luetenizing hormone
ant. pit.
what is the target of LH luetenizing hormone
ovaries & testes
what is the function of luetenizing hormone
in ovaries - ovulation, formation of corpus luteum, secretion of progesterone

in testes stimulates "t" secretion
What are diseases associated with LH
lowered "T" if not high enough levels in males

 may not stimulate ovulation/formation of corpus luteum if levels too low in females
where is the origin of prolactin
ant. pit
what is the target of prolactin
mammory glands
what is the function of prolactin
initiates/ maintains milk secretions
what are diseases associated with prolactin

rheumatoid arthritis

where does MSH originate

melanocyte stimulating hormone
ant. pituitary
where does MSH target

melanocyte simtulating hormone
the brain
what is the function of MSH
excessive amount causes darkening of skin - normal amount equals unknown cause
what are diseases associated with MSH
too little = loss of protection from sun rays/ UV exposure
What is the origin of oxytocin
post. pit.
what does oxytocin target
mammory glands & uterus
what is the function of oxytocin
stimulates milk ejection & contraction of smooth muscles cells in uterus during childbirth
what are diseases associated with oxytocin
low  oxytocin = postpartum depression
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