Cloned from: 4 Human Body

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pharynx
the area directly posterior to the mouth and nose. It is made up of the oropharynx and the nasopharynx
physiology
the study of body function
plane
a flat surface formed when slicing through a solid object
plantar
referring to the sole of the foot
plasma
the fluid portion of the blood
platelets
compnenets of the blood; membrane-enclosed fragments of specialized cells
posterior
the back of the body or body part
posterior tibial artery
artery supplying the foot, behind the medial ankle
prone
lying facedown
proximal
close to the torso (also see distal)
pubis
the medial anerior portion of the pelvis
pulmonary arteries
the vessels that carry blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs
pulmonary veins
the vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart
pulse
the rhythmic beats caused as waves of blood move through and expand the arteries
radial artery
artery of the lower arm. It is felt when taking the pulse at the wrist
radius
the lateral bone of the forearm
recovery position
lying on the side. Also called the lateral recumbent position
red blood cells
components of the blood. They carry oxygen to and carbon dioxide away from the cells
respiratory system
the system of nose, muth, throat, lungs, and muscles that brings oxygen into the body and expels carbon dioxide
scapula
the shoulder blade
shock
see hyperfusion
skeleton
the bones in the body
skin
the layer of tissue between the body and the external environment
skull
the bony structure of the head
small intestine
the muscular tube between the stomach and the large intestine, divided into the duodenum, the jejenum, and the ileum, which recieves partially digested food from th stomach and continues digestion. Nutrients are absorbed by the body through its walls
spleen
an organ locaed in the left upper quadrant of the abdoment that acts as a blood filtration system and a reservoir for reserves of bloof
sternum
the breastbone
stomach
muscular sac between the esophagus and the small intestine where digestion of food begins
subcutaneous layers
the layers of fat and soft tissues found below the dermis
superior
toward the head
supine
lying on the back
systolic blood pressure
the pressure created in the arteries when the left ventricle contracts and forces blood out into circulation
tarsals
the ankle bones
tendon
tissue that connects muscles to bone
thorax
the chest
tibia
the medial and larger bone of the lower leg
torso
the trunk of the body; the body without the head and the extremities
trachea
the windpipe; the structure that connects the pharynx to the lungs
ulna
the medial bone of the forearm
valve
a structure that opens and closes to permit the flow of a fluid in only one direction
vein
any blood vessel returning blood to the heart
venae cavae
the superior vena cava and the inferior vena cava. These two major veings return blood from the body to the right atrium
ventral
referring to the front of the body (anterior)
ventricles
the two loser chambers of the heart. There is a right ventricle (which sends oxygen-poor blood to the lungs) and a left ventricle (which sends oxygen rich blood to the body
venule
the smallest kind of vein
vertebrae
the 33 bones of the spinal column
voluntary muscle
muscle that can be consciously controlled
white blood cells
components of the blood. They produce substances that help the body fight infection
xiphoid process
the inferior portion of the sternum
zygomatic arches
from the structure of the cheeks
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