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What are the 3 plasma proteins?
Albumin, Globulin, and Fibrinogen
What is the clotting process?
Platelets/Thrombocytes -> thrmoboplastin ->prothombrin -> thrombin then converts fibrinogen to fibrin
Cross matching
Mixing right donor blood with recipient blood to avoid agglutination
Rh factor
The presence of Rh is like an antigen in that it creates antibodies after the first instance.
Agglutination
Clumping of cells because of agglutinin antibodies.
Albumin
Plasma protein. Regulates blood volume, pressure, and osmotic balance.
Allergen
Produces hypersensitive body reaction.
Allergy
A hypersensitive reaction of the body to harmless, usually environmental, antigens.
Anaphylaxis
Exaggerate, severe, dangerous hypersensitive reaction to previous antigen
Anisocytosis
Abnormal condition of red blood cells in varying and odd sizes
Antibodies
Produced by the body in response to bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.
Antigen
A substance, usually protein, that causes the formation of a specific antibody
Ascites
Abnormal intraperitoneal accumulation of fluid that contains, proteins and electrolytes
Basophil
A granulocytic bilobed WBC that stains blue on basic dye. Heparin and Antihistamine. Less than 1%
Bilirubin
Orange yellow pigmen of bile formed mainly after the expiration of RBC and breakdown of hemoglobin
Coagulation
Process of transforming liquid to solid esp with blood
Corpuscle
Any cell of body
Differentiation
Process of the body turning generally produced cells into a specific form and function
Dyscrasia
Abnormal condition of blood or marrow such as leukemia or prenatal RH incompatability.
Edema
Accumulation of fluid in intersitial spaces of tissues. Regulated by Albumin.
Electrophoresis
Movement of charged suspended particles through a liquid due to changes in electric field with predictive movement and speed
Enzyme
An organic substance which initiates and aids in a chemical reaction
Eosinophil
A granulocytic bilobed WBC that stains red. Associated with allergies.
erythremia
Abnormal increase inthe number of RBCs
erythroblast
immature RBC
erythrocyte
mature RBC
erythropoiesis
process of RC production
Erythropoietin
hormone synthesized in kidneys in respons to lack of oxygen to enable RBCs to carry more attached oxygen
Fibrin
stringy, insoluble protein that is substance of a blood clot
Fibrinogen
plasma protein which is turned to fibrin with the aid of thrombin enzyme and calcium ions
globin
group of protein molecules that become bound by iron in heme molecules to form hemoglobin
globulin
plasma protein helps in synthesis of antibodies and transport of lipids
granulocyte
type of WBC/leukocyte with cytoplasmic granules
hematologist
specialist in hematology
hematology
study of blood and blood forming issues
heme
pigmented iron containing nonprotein portion of hemoglobin molecule. Heme binds and carries oxygen in RBCs releasing it to tissues
Hemoglobin
complex protein-iron compound that carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and C20 to the lungs
Hemolysis
breakdown of RBCs and release of hemoglobin that usually occurs and end of their life span
hemorrhage
loss of large amount of blood in short time
hemostasis
termination of bleeding by mechanical or chemical means or complex coagulation process. Constriction, platelete aggregation, fibrin synthesis
heparin
natural blood thinner
hyperalbuminemia
increased albumin levels
hyperbilurubinemia
increased bilurubin levels
hyperlipemia
increased fat levels in blood
hyperlipidemia
increased fat levels in blood
ion
electrically charged particle
leukocyte
mature WBC
leukocytopenia
abnormal decrease in WBCs in the blood
megakaryocyte
large bone marrow cell
monocyte
large, mononuclear WBC
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