Cloned from: Brain and cognition

by dr


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Hippocampus
The hippocampus is a subcortical structure that plays an important part in memory formation.
Synapse
The gap between neighbouring neurons, across which neurotransmitters flow from the terminal buttons of one to the dendrites of the other.
Cerebral cortex
The outer layer of the brain, about 3 mm thick. It is involved in the control of thinking, sensing, and voluntary action.
Temporal lobe
A part of the cerebral cortex, located under the left and right temples, and associated with auditory processing and language comprehension.
Simple cells
Cells in the visual cortex that respond only to lines of a particular orientation.
Complex cells
Cells in the visual cortex that response only to lines of a particular orientation moving in a particular direction.
Amygdala
A brain structure, usually considered part of the limbic system, that is involved in processing emotion, especially fear and aggression.
Reticular activating system
A midbrain structure involved in the regulation of sleep, wakefulness, arousal, heartbeat, and breathing.
Cerebellum
A hindbrain structure involved in bodily coordination, balance, muscle tone, and some aspects of memory involved in procedure-related movements.
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