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Front Back
abductors
muscles that separate the fingers

abductor hallucis
muscle of the foot that moves toes and help maintain balance while walking and standing
adductors
muscles at the base of each finger that draw the fingers together
anabolism
constructive metabolism the process of building up large molecules from smaller ones
anatomy
study of human body structure that can be seen with the naked eye and what they are made up of the science  of the structure of organisms or of thier parts
angular artery
supplies blood to the side of the nose
anterior auricular artery
supplies blood to the front of the ear
anterior tibial artery
see "popliteal artery"
anterior tibial nerve
see :" deep peroneal nerve"
arteries
thick walled muscular flexible tubes that carry oxygenated  blood away from the heart to the capillaries
atrium
the upper thin walled chambers of the heart
auricularis anterior
muscle in front of the ear that draws the ear forward
auricularis
muscle behind the ear that draws the ear backward
auricularis superior

muscle above the ear that draws the ear upward

auriculotemporal nerve

affects the external ear and skin above the temple up to the top of the skull

autonmic nervous system
that part of the nervous system that controls the involuntary muscles regulates the action of the smooth muscles glands blood vessels and heart
axon
the extenxion of a neuron by which impulses are sent away from the nerve cell
belly (muscle)
middle part of a muscle
bicep
muscle producing the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm
blood
fluid circulatin through the circulatory system (heart veins arteries and capillaries)
blood vascular system
group of structures (heart veins and calillaries) that distribute blood throughout the body
body systems
groups of bodily organs acting together to perform one or more functions the human body is composed of 10 major systems
brain
part of the central nervouse system contained in the cranium largesxt and most complez nerve tissue controls  sensation muscles gland activity and the power to think and feel emotions
buccal nerve
affects the muscles if the mouth
buccinator muscle
thin flas muscle of the cheek between the upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheeks and expels air between the lips
capillaries
thin walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to the veins
cardiac muscle
the involuntary muscle that is the heart
carpus
the wrist flexible joint composed of a group of eitght small irregular bones held together by ligaments
catabolism
the phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of complex compounds within the cell into smaller ones resulting in the release of energy to perform  function such as muscular movement or digestion
cell
basic unit of all living things minute mass of protoplasm capable of preforming all the fundamental functons of life
cell membrane
part of the cell that encloses the protoplasm and permits soluble substances to enter and leave the cell
central nervous system
consists of the brain spinal cord spinal nerves and cranial nerves
cervical cutaneous nerve
located at the side of the neck affects the front and side of the neck as far as the breastbone
cervical nerve
affect the side of the neck and the platysma muscle
cervical vertebrae
the seven bones of the top part of the vertebral column located in the neck region
circulatory system
system that controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and lood vessels
clavicle
collarbone: bone joining the sternum and scapula
common carotid artery
artery that supplies blood to the face head and neck
common peroneal nerve
a division oif the sciatic nerve that extends from behind the knee to wind around the head of the fibula to the front of the leg where it divides into two branches
connective tissue
fibrous tissue that binds together protects and supports the various parts of the body such as bone cartilage and tendons
corrugator muscle
muscle located beneath the frontalis and orbicular oculi draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the for head vertically
cranium
an oval bony case that protects the brain
cytoplasm
all the protoplasm of a cell except that which is in the nucleus the watery fluid that contains food material necessary for growth
deep peroneal nerve
a nerve that extends down the front of the leg behind the muscles it supplies impulese to these muscles and also to the muscles and skin on the top of the foot and adjacent sides of the 1st and 2nd toes 
deltoid
large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body
dendrites
tree like branching of nerve fibers extending from a nerve cell short nerve fibers that carry impulese toward the cell
depressor labii inferioris muscle
muscle surrounding the lower lip depressing the lower lip and draws it on one side
diaphragm
muscular wall that separates the thorax from the abdominal region and helps control breathing
digestive system
the mouth stomach intestines and salivary and gastric glands that change food into nutrients and wast
digit
a finger or toe  
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