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Why do we not give vaccines to pregnant animals?
can cause birth defects or abortion
How is the canine adenovirus 1 shed?
through urine
How is the canine adenovirus 2 shed?
through nasal discharge
After canine distemper vaccine is given between 2 and 5 months of age, they may develop what?
hypertophic osteodystrophy
Dogs vaccinated for Bordetella may spread the virus how?
aspiration; through coughing
Mild fever, decreased appetite and depression may be observed for ___ or ___ days following vaccination, most commonly when a modified live vaccine is used.
1 or 2
If intranasal vaccines are accidentally injected, what may occur?
severe illness and possible death
When can puppies be vaccinated for rabies?
3 months
How do dogs contract lyme disease?
infected ticks
What feline disease is compared to canine parvovirus?
Feline Panleukopenia
What animals are most commonly affected by rabies?
dog, cat, fox, skunk, raccoon, bobcat, coyote, bat, mongoose
What vaccine will give a false positive for the illness in cats?
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (Feline AIDS) Vaccine
What is the name of the test done to detect FIV?
ELISA test
What test is done when getting a suspected false positive for FIV?
Immunofluorescence Assay test
The body's over reaction to a vaccine may cause what?
an abscess at the injection site
What vaccine may cause neurological disease, and inflammation of the brain?
canine distemper
If an owner vaccinates their own pets they should have ___________ on hand  and know how to use it in case a reaction occurs.
epinephrine
Anaphylaxis is considered an extreme emergency. What should be done and in what order should it be done?
epinephrine should be given immediately and IV fluids and oxygen given as need with other medications
What is an adjuvant?
these are various chemicals added to vaccines to enhance the immune response to the antigen of interest
What is an attenuated?
weak does of the infective agent
What is a vaccine?
a suspension of attenuated (modified live) or killed infective agents of antigens derived from these agents
What are vaccines used for?
to prevent infectious disease
What are vaccines made from?
viruses, bacteria, rickettsiae, or fungi
What are vaccines made from killed bacteria?
bacterins
What type of anitgen (bacteria or virus) is it easier to induce protection against?
Viruses
When should you avoid vaccinating animals?
when they are sick or pregnant
When should you combine products?
when they are designed to be mixed and only according to specific manufacturer instructions
What should you record when giving a vaccine?
injection site and product used; name, manufacturer and date of expiration (utilize sticker labels when possible)
What influences the actual durration of immunity for any vaccine?
factors as the vaccine manufacturing process, route of administration, concentration of antigen in the product, product handling, health status of the animal at the time of vaccination, and genetic variances
How old should a puppy be on his first office visit?
6 weeks
How old should a puppy be on his second office visit?
9 weeks
How old should a puppy be on his third office visit?
12 weeks
When do you intiate heartworm preventative management program?
at the first office visit; 6 weeks
When do you adjust the heartworm dosage?
at every subsequent visit unless their weight hasn't fluctuated
Why is an annual visit so important?
animals age a different rate so their illnesses can advance much fasster
According to the CTVT book what are the 3 most important vaccines for dogs?
canine distemper
canine parvovirus
canine rabies
What is canine distemper?
highly contagious worldwide viral disease
What human ailment is canine distemper close to?
measles
How is canine distemper transmitted?
through coughing, sneezing, and other body secretions
What are the clinical signes of canine distemper?
Fever, loss of appetite, diarrhea, depression, vomiting, slobbering, and discharge from the eyes and nose. In its final stages, the disease may cause convulsions, paralysis and death
How many stages does canine distemper have?
2
What are the stages of canine distemper?
the mucosal phase and neurological phase
What is one of the old names for distemper?
Hard Pad Disease
What is canine parvovirus?
an intestinal disease with rapid onset and varying degrees of illness
Who is most commonly affected by canine parvovirus?
puppies
How is canine parvovirus transmited?
one dog to another through feces or from objects contaminated by feces and It can be carried on the dog’s hair and feet, as well as on contaminated cages, shoes, and other objects
What are the clinical signs of canine parvovirus?
Severe vomiting followed by diarrhea, anorexia-due to loss of appetite, dehydration, abdominal pain, and depression
What is unique about the feces of a dog with canine parvovirus?
it appears yellow-gray and are streaked or darkened by blood & it smells of death
What is the name of the test used to detect parvovirus?
IDEXX SNAP
When do you start dogs on heartworm prevention?
6 weeks
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