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Film Theory
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What are the 3 phases in the making of a film?


Pre-Production, Production, and Post-Production


What is audio post?  


Replacement of, additions to, and changes to production sound.


What 3 things do the production sound team record?


Dialog Backgrounds (ambience) Walla


What is walla?


Crowd chatter


What do we call the ambient sound of a room?


Room tone


What do we call finding the timecode locations where dialog, effects, or music will be placed?


Spotting


Who is in charge of all aspects of audio post?


Supervising sound editor


What is re-recording dialog called?


Looping or ADR


What do we call it when production dialog of several actors is separated to different tracks by the dialog editor?


Split Tracks


What do we call the brief segments of background noise left before and after each line of production dialog by the editor?


Handles


What is used to enable synchronization of audio to picture?  


SMPTE Time Code


What device shows the scene and take number on camera?  


Slate


What device on the slate is used to provide a sync point for picture and sound?  


Clapper or sticks


What do we call sound effects performed while watching film?  


 Foley


What are the surfaces for walking in a Foley studio called?  


Foley Pits


Who performs the Foley?  


Foley walker or Foley artist


  What are the purposes for sound effects?


  Simulate reality Create illusion Set mood


 Who may create the effects?  


 Sound Designer


Who places the effects in their sync position?


Sound Editor


What do we call non-Foley’ed SFX?


Cut effects or hard effects


Where do sound effects come from when we don’t have the budget to create custom SFX?


Sound effects library


What is the difference between the score and a source cue?  


Source cues are from a previously recorded source. Score is written for and timed to the picture.


What is a punch?  


A white flash used to indicate music start, stop or tempo change.


What is a streamer?


A moving bar used to indicate a punch is about to occur


Who oversees all aspects of the music?           


Music Supervisor


Who places music in proper sync position, shortens or lengthens a cue and documents start/stop points of music?  


Music Editor


Who writes the score?  


Composer


What do we call music used for an unfinished film, before the score is written?  


Temp score or temp tracks


What do we use when there is no budget for a composer or licensing source cues?  


Production music library


What do we call a movie preview?  


Trailer


Who does the final mix of a film?


Re-recording mixers


What is another name for mixing?


Dubbing


What is M&E?


Music and effects mixed separately from dialog


What is the transfer of the mix back to the master video called?


Layback


What do we call the sub mixes of similar sounds, created to make the final mix simpler?


Pre-dubs


True or False: Film mixes are intended to be as close to reality as possible.


FALSE